Recent Changes

Tuesday, May 21

  1. page home edited Welcome to the ARTS1091: Media, Society, Politics Wikispace ... Sydney, Australia. Over time …

    Welcome to the ARTS1091: Media, Society, Politics Wikispace
    Sydney, Australia. Over time we hope to populateSince 2010, this space has been populated with work
    to visitors.
    In 2013 the site will be closed for maintenance and will not be populated or updated. This means that the information contained in this wiki may become somewhat outdated and visitors should follow up on more recent updates, especially in relation to media ownership and regulation around the world.

    About ARTS1091: Media, Society, Politics
    ARTS1091 focuses on the complex relationship between media, society and politics by examining the ways in which information is mediated between social, cultural and political institutions. It develops a conceptual framework from which to analyse the dynamic technological and regulatory environment in which the media operates and to investigate the consequences of changes in these areas for journalists, politicians and ordinary citizens.
    (view changes)
    6:29 pm
  2. page How to join this wiki edited ARTS1091 Students Students who enrolled in the This course ARTS1091 at UNSW BEFORE 9th July …

    ARTS1091 Students
    Students who enrolled in theThis course ARTS1091 at UNSW BEFORE 9th July have been automatically added as members of this wiki. These students DO NOT need to request permission to join the wiki. Students who request to JOIN the wiki will be rejected because they are already members.
    Here are the instructions for activating this membership:
    Click on the SIGN IN button (top right hand corner of screen)
    Enter the username created for you - this
    is your zID
    Enter your temporary password - this has been provided during lectures, tutorials
    currently closed and in emails to your UNSW student email address.
    For security reasons, this password cannot be shown here. Check the tutorial notes and wiki announcements on Blackboard if you are still
    will not sure what this password is.
    Once you have signed in click on MY ACCOUNT and change your password. It is vitally important that you change your password once you have signed in for the first time.
    Please also change your Username to your FirstnameFamilyname (e.g. HelenCaple). If you have an English name and a name in another language, please follow this example: SarahYTZhang using your English Name, Initials and Family Name.
    Late enrollment students:
    If you enrolled in this course AFTER 9th July, please email Mike Bogle at with your full name, student ID, university email address and tutorial section and you will
    be added as a member. Please also stateupdated in your email that you are a LATE ENROLLMENT student.
    DO NOT request to join the wiki here.
    Other visitors
    Unfortunately, this wiki is not accepting membership from the general public or from other students at UNSW. The wiki is a showcase of student work in the course ARTS1091, therefore membership must be restricted to students enrolled in this course.
    Visitors are more than welcome to browse the site and can forward any comments or feedback to our course convener at: (replace AT with @).
    Please note that the information collated on this wiki is the work of first year undergraduate students at UNSW. The accuracy of the information contained in the pages in this wiki is a reflection of the strength of the research conducted by individual students only and should not be considered as an authoritative source. It does not in any way represent the views of UNSW.
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    6:25 pm

Wednesday, October 24

  1. page M13B edited ... Is Wiki Leaks a media organisation, and consequently can Julian Assange betitled an 'editor in…
    Is Wiki Leaks a media organisation, and consequently can Julian Assange betitled an 'editor in chief'?
    Is WikiLeaks a necessary and reliable form of media in our society?
    the press?
    Do you think laws are adequate in protecting whistleblowers?
    traditional press?
    Should WikiLeaks be held to the same basic journalistic standards of accuracy, balance, and fairness as the mainstream press?
    Lecture 5: Liberalism and Freedom of the Press (David McKnight)
    What power does this give - or what forms of power? Power may be granted or formed through such things as language (discursive) power, access (whose voices/interests appear), and resources (who controls financial & other resources).
    Audiences-Media Studies 2.0-Lecture Four: Media and Politics-Reading Notes:Lecture Two: Australian Media Landscape-Reading Notes:Reading Notes:
    Eun Bi Hwang
    Chapter 8 - New Developments in Media Ownership
    The diversity principle
    Government intervention in commercial media ownership rests heavily on the promotion of diversity
    Diverse ownership of the media is important to ensure the expression of points of view antagonistic to the government and the prevailing orthodoxy on any given issue
    This helps to ensure "informed decision-making, cultural pluralism, citizen welfare, and a well-functioning democracy" (Napoli 1999a, p.9)
    Ensuring a diverse range of media content and sources may not have much impact if most of us choose to consume only a fraction of that diversity (Napoli 1999a, p.28)
    Moguls, ministers and mates
    Structural power - a consequence of the inherent importance of a particular section of society, such as the role of the media in reporting on politics
    structural power of the media lies in the direct access they give to millions of readers, listeners and viewers.
    access is important to advertisers, politicians and interest groups
    access gives power to those who can control that access
    The evolution of media ownership law in Australia
    Regulation of the print media remains for the most part a state government function
    Emergence of wireless broadcasting in the early part of the twentieth century saw the federal government take an interventionist role
    One of the most important decisions on media regulation in Australia was that of the Menzie's government's distribution of commercial television broadcast licences in the late 1950s
    By 1960s, ownership of licences in Sydney and Melbourne enable the creation of de facto networks for Seven and Nine, owned by the Fairfaxws and the Packers
    Not a single commercial radio licence was issued in metropolitan areas in the three decades before the introduction of FM in the 1970s (Papandrea 2001, p.66)
    Cross-media ownership laws
    The main feature of private media ownership in Australia in recent decades has been the restriction on cross-media ownership, introduced in the Broadcasting Act 1987
    Cross-media ownership laws - laws that, until 2007, limited media companies to one type of platform - television, or radio or newspapers - in each market
    Broadcasting Services Act 1992 maintained the cross-media restrictions, but relaxed some of the market concentration and foregin investment rules
    Ownership of two radio licences is now allowed in each capital city
    The Keating government attempted to increase diversity in the Australian media by restricting some pay-television licences to new owners
    Digitisation of television and telephony has the potential to reduce the scarcity of broadcasting spectrum, and therefore put the profitability of incumbent licence holders at risk
    digitisation - use of digital technology to replace analogue technology; digital signals can be compacted and, as such, carry more channels than the single continuous analogue signals
    By the close of the 20th century, Australia's media ownership was among the least diverse in the developed world (Brown 2000, p.50)
    Debates and controversies
    Technology and diversity
    Debates surrounding technology and deregulation have become intertwined, as advocates of deregulation point towards the potential of digital networks, with the capacity to quadruple channel capacity without compromising on transmission quality, to allow a more diverse range of media voices
    Digital technology does not just allow new market entrants; it also changes the way broadcasting works by allowing a flow of information from the consumer to the producer.
    If incumbent media companies can grapple successfully with new platforms, globalisation may simply be the process by which national media monoliths become global media monoliths. This provides new challenges for governments charged with regulating media industries.
    Australia's changing laws
    1987 - cross-media ownership laws were introduced, but the Coalition parties voted against them in parliament
    1996 - Howard government sought on a number of occasions to introduce legislation to remove the cross-media ownership restrictions. The key reasons for wanting to do so was that technology was quickly rendering media ownership restrictions anachronistic.
    1999 - the treasurer referred broadcasting policy to the Productivity Commission
    Productivity Commission
    no interested in protecting the interest of incumbent broadcasters
    cross-media rules should be removed once a more competitive media environment is established (Productivity Commission 2000, p.3)
    Commission's report relied heavily on the concept of convergence (the use of the internet to replace separate media platforms such as television, radio and newspaper)
    diversity of sources of information and opinion is most likely to be served by diversity in ownership of media companies, and by competition
    broadcasters should be able to provide their services using whichever platform (over the air, cable or satellite) is most efficient
    rapid and certain conversion to digital television is the key to unlocking the spectrum. It will create opportunities for new players and new services (Productivity Commission 2000, p.2)
    government readily accepted the Commission's advice on removing cross-media restrictions, but wilted under lobbying from free-to-air television licence holders when it came to new market entrants
    2005 - arrangements for the digital radio spectrum were finalised, but the government's prescriptive approach to digital technology was repeated
    2006 - government finally achieved it goal of deregulating media ownership
    2008 - analogue television signal was due to be switched off
    From 2009 - restrictions on content prevented digital television becoming attractive to consumers until new free-to air channels were launched from this year.

    Rae Lee.
    Chapter 8: New Developments in Media Ownership
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Monday, October 22

  1. page W10A Tutorial 11 Week 12 edited ... To what extend have agendas changed within this nation over time? Lecture #: Name-Respondent:…
    To what extend have agendas changed within this nation over time?
    Lecture #: Name-Respondent:Lecture #: Name-Respondent:Respondent:
    Isabella DobrijevichD
    Setting the Agenda & Public Relations Tutorial
    Key topics drawn from the lecture:
    SPIN is the angle/way a journalist tells a story
    PR State: today’s political media environment
    media climate

    is an agenda?
    The class agreed upon 'why + what' when related to media and journalists
    become simplified.
    Few video examples show that espesh in advertising there is can be an “oversimplification of complex issues”
    Incidental learning: a form of unplanned learning in a formal environment; ‘accidental learning’
    While we all agreed that running for a political position means that you are subject to scrutiny under the public spotlight, there was division as to whether a politician's personal life was a fair topic for analysis by the media and/or particularly investigative journalists. Some argued that personal life and even history is fair game, because politician's agendas can be shaped by their personal lives. Others argued that everyone is entitled to privacy, even those whose agendas have the potential to significantly impact our everyday lives.
    - Personality does not necessarily have an influence on policy
    vs Policy?

    definitely has
    of parliament.
    How is it part of the PR machine?
    Personal agenda, particularly for politicians, has a great part to play in the way PR is communicated to the media and dissemination of that PR to the public.
    Video of Aus parliament: Gillard v Abbott in the sexism argument
    against them?
    Example was provided in class discussion of the ability to separate personal agenda from policy. Tony Abbott disagrees with abortion while the Liberal party line supports women's right to choose; Julia Gillard is an atheist while the Labor Party line is in support of religious freedom.
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  2. page W10A Tutorial 8 Week 9 edited ... Type your reading notes here: Lecture #: Name-Tutorial Discussant:Tutorial Discussant: Isabe…
    Type your reading notes here:
    Lecture #: Name-Tutorial Discussant:Tutorial Discussant:
    Isabella DobrijevichD
    Internet Cultures: Points of Discussion
    - Why do you think Internet laws and regulations are outdated? What can/should be done?
    Genres of social networking
    The dissemination of nameless art
    The value of an original source
    Creative expression
    The power of the audience as oppose to the artist
    Does it matter if there is no author attribution?
    Lack of context leads to a greater level of appreciation
    the artist
    The cycle of ownership bound to re-blogging
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  3. page W10A Tutorial 6 Week 7 edited ... discusses shield laws {shield-lawclear.png} Isabella Dobrijevich D Good N…
    ... discusses shield laws
    Isabella DobrijevichD
    Good Night & Good Luck:
    - The media has made us fat, comfortable, displacent; and has distracted, deluded and isulated us.
    Are these guidelines applicable to the internet?( should we bother considering they are only a form of self regulation)
    do they need to be applied on the internet when information and facts sometimes accompany the stories like on wikileaks?
    into danger)
    Could Blogging then be good journalism?
    the internet.
    The capabilities of the digital age for investegative journalism
    we all have mobile phones with cameras and voice records, we all have facebooks and we are all able to screenshot information at any point . public figures have to be increasingly careful in the digital age because once a person says something , sends something or acts in a certain way there could be a digitial copy for the whole world to see. Is this a good thing? when understanding this from the watchdog or fourth estate perspective this is an extremely beneficial thing. However issues of privacy are then brought into the arena.
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  4. page W10A Tutorial 5 Week 6 edited ... SUPER IMPORTANT SINGULAR CONCEPT TO TAKE AWAY FROM THE LECTURE | Freedom is not just for thos…
    | Freedom is not just for those you agree with, it is for everyone |
    Isabella DobrijevichD
    As above, the lecture was delivered by Associate Professor David McKnight.
    Professor McKnight firstly emphasised that press freedom is arguably part of freedom of expression.
    The tutorial discussion revolved around notions of:
    - individualism
    - capitalism
    - liberalism
    We spoke about the somewhat paradoxical nature of their relationship with one another. On one hand individualism underpins the idea of liberalism. However, we went on to examine how mass consumption capitalises upon the individual and turns it into a commodity, thereby going against the idea of the 'individual.'
    Coalition of the Willing
    the state.
    Questions and debates raised in the tutorial
    Should journalism be about social good?
    - My group came to the conclusion that while journalism should in fact be about social 'good', it's unrealistic for it to be completely free of commercialism - we cannot escape that it is an industry and a profession.
    personal opinions.
    - We also spoke about the idea of some aspects of journalism, such as fashion journalism, report on things like key trends to inform publics. This once again linked in with the idea that individualism is capitalised upon.
    Imagine you're voting for the first time and want to make an informed decision - where do you go and what do you do?
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  5. page W10A Tutorial 3 Week 4 The Media and Society edited ... - Ultimately, the appearance of new new technologies and media has transformed and redistribut…
    - Ultimately, the appearance of new new technologies and media has transformed and redistributed the shape of media audiences into a complex array of networks (social and otherwise).
    Lecture TWO: Australian Media Landscape-Tutorial Discussant:Tutorial Discussant:
    Isabella DobrijevichD
    The Media and Society: Audience & Effects (Lecture 3)
    Australian Media Production
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    4:51 am

Sunday, October 21

  1. page T14A edited ... Response to Kim's second question: Our group think that the positive would be everyone has mo…
    Response to Kim's second question:
    Our group think that the positive would be everyone has more opportunities to share their opinions via different platforms. For example, sharing pictures, using cameras and videos to convey their messages instant of the literarily writing. However, the negative would be there are too many.
    Alyssa Lim in response to Kim's second question
    As with just about everything, there are positive and negative aspects that must be considered. With the public having the ability to produce their own material, a greater diversity in topics, opinions and content may be achieved. However, one of the pitfalls of this is the fact that there is such a vast number of contributors that it becomes incredibly hard to regulate the content being published. On the one hand, there is more freedom of expression but some may abuse this right and mislead or even curtail another person's ability to speak freely.

    (view changes)
    4:47 am

Wednesday, October 17